What is a Montessori 3-Period Lesson?
Montessori 3-Period Lessons are used throughout the Montessori environment to help introduce a new concept and lead the children along a path to understanding and mastery. In the area of language they are used to increase, enrich and broaden a child’s vocabulary.
It’s important to practice the method of presenting a Three Period Lesson several times until you are comfortable giving it with ease. There are no set movements or patterns that you must follow in each of the periods. As long as you understand the principle of the period, and keep it simple and focused, you can ask the child to do whatever is appropriate for the setting, object, or concept you are teaching.
Begin by presenting the child with three objects of contrast and isolate them on a table or mat. For this example the objects will be dog, snake and bird.
1. First Period – Naming Period
- this period is overall rather short as it simply involves giving the object a name
- point to the first object (dog) and say “dog”
- repeat the name several times, clearly and slowly “This is a dog. Can you say dog? dog.”
- continue on with the second and third objects (snake and bird)
- once all three objects have been named, review them one last time by pointing to each one and saying the name clearly and slowly
It’s a known fact that we have an easier time remembering … Read the rest of this article
Overview of the Primary Montessori Language Program
We are providing you with an overview of the Primary Montessori Language Program so that you have a better overall picture of the progression of materials and lessons.
Language is a vital human phenomenon; it lives, changes and dies. Language is specifically a human expression and it should be a delight! Language is learned, not inborn. The mental capacity for creating language is unique; it allows the child to speak the language (mother tongue) correctly even if it is the most complicated language.
The child has all he needs to prepare for language. Therefore, put in to his environment, he absorbs completely with little effort, the language of his group/culture. Until the child is approximately six years of age he absorbs everything with little effort. After age six the child is able to learn a new language but it is only with a conscious effort that this can be done.
It is essential that all language be given to the child within a context. The child needs to know the names, labels, and the meanings of things in the environment in order for them to have relevancy. This allows the child to see and understand the greater picture of things and gives things meaning. Once the greater picture is achieved, it can then be broken down to the smaller details.
The Montessori language materials isolate elements of language and offer ‘keys’ to the children in the exploration of language. The materials are presented to the child in the same manner that they learn to speak; starting with nouns, articles, adverbs, etc. After a new concept is presented to the child there should always be a return to the total language environment using verbal storytelling, poetry, story books and everyday speech. This allows the child to clearly see how the new concept is applied (with context) in our world.
1. Preliminary Language
These exercises give the child the vocabulary for objects in the immediate environment. It is important to use the correct terminology and clear pronunciation when speaking to the children. During the first year (2 to 3 years of age) in the Casa (Primary) class… Read the entire article.
Why teach multiplication before subtraction?
For those of you who are not familiar with Montessori, it seems logical to present the process of addition and then move on to subtraction …. it’s the way children have been taught in traditional schools for decades.
In Montessori, the Collective Exercises (using the Golden Beads on the mat) give the child the sensorial impression of addition, multiplication, subtraction and division, and visually makes clear the relationships between the operations.
When presenting addition with a group of children, they are all asked to bring a different quantity of golden beads to the mat. The golden beads are counted, the small number cards are placed on the mat, then the golden beads from each child are ‘dumped’ in to a basket to show… Read full article.
Montessori at Home?
The big question – Is it possible to use Montessori at home? Each child is different, and each family situation is different. Some children require additional services that are not available in Montessori schools, and many families can’t afford to send their children to Montessori schools. But thankfully, Montessori is suitable for everyone and it is possible at home!
Modifications to the Montessori environment
Of course there are modifications that you’ll have to make, and you must be willing to bend your mind a little to accept it’s not going to be a perfect Montessori environment. Including Montessori in the home can mean different things to different people. There are as many opportunities and variations on how Montessori can be used as there are family situations.
- set up an entire Montessori environment and homeschool full time
- supplement your child’s ‘regular’ schooling with… Read More
Montessori extension lessons serve many purposes for the child:
- They can offer additional experiences that increasingly become more complex than
the baseline concept.
- Montessori extension lessons offer an opportunity for further exploration with the materials.
- Extension lessons can provoke a spark or a new enthusiasm for a material that no longer appears interesting to a child.
Extension lessons in each area of the classroom can and will vary from each Montessori affiliation and training course. They are often under used or ignored by Montessori teachers because they feel that by using them they are deviating from the ‘real’ Montessori curriculum. Or, they’re still so new to Montessori that they aren’t familiar with them.
There are some wonderful extension lessons that…Read full Article.
Overview of the Primary Montessori Math Program
We are providing you with an overview of the Primary Montessori Math Program so that you have a better overall picture of the progression of materials and lessons.
Math is logic, sequence, order, and the extrapolation of truth. In the Montessori philosophy it’s stated that the child has a ‘mathematical mind’ and an internal drive to understand the environment around them. It can therefore be said that children have an inborn attraction for math. Their minds are full of energy that propels them to absorb, manipulate, classify, order, sequence, abstract, and repeat. These tendencies are those which help the child to acquire a greater depth to his mathematical knowledge.
It is the precision of the presentations and the exactness of the math materials that attract children to this area of the classroom. As well, children in the primary Montessori classroom are in the process (sensitive period) of fine tuning their perceptions. Children are sensitive to minute changes in order, sequence, and size. They will notice a teeny tiny bug in the crack of the sidewalk where as adults will walk by blindly without notice.
The exercises in the math area offer the children the ‘keys’ that they will need to send them on the road to further exploration and maturation of the mathematical mind. The ways in which the materials are ordered allows the children to complete full intellectual cycles that help them to achieve the freedom to become independent.
Math in the primary classroom is made up of many little details that form a whole, but each detail is complete unto itself. All early math exercises are worked at the sensorial level so as to ensure that the child relates the quantity to the symbol (example: Spindle Boxes).
1. Numbers to Ten
The foundation of math is numbers to ten. The exercises in this section must be firmly rooted in the child before … Read More.
Observation in Montessori Education
Observation is an integral and continual part of Montessori education. It is a tool that is used by the adult to follow the child (to assess their abilities and readiness for materials), and developed within the child (during their early years) to help him classify, store, order, and work towards his inner needs.
The adult goal of observation is to learn about the child from a scientific and objective perspective. This can be a greater challenge to homeschooling parents as their connection to their own children tends to be more passionate and emotional than perhaps a teacher in a school setting might have for their students. As Montessori educators (either at home or in a school setting) we must keep on top of our observation skills and use them regularly.
We must learn to sit silently and motionless – conscious immobility. In our fast paced world this is something that many of us rarely do. Our constant physical motion means we’re missing … Read entire article.
What is Montessori?
What is Montessori? Now that’s a loaded question!
As any Montessori educator will tell you, there is no short answer.
You can view some short videos here that will help to give you a better understanding of what Montessori is and how it’s applied.